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Sikh Research and Education Center: Articles on Sri Dasam Granth Sahib:

The Battle of Bhangani, and Events Thereafter

The Battle of Bhangani, and Events Thereafter

We are unable to reprint G.S.Kala Afghana's objections on this web site due to the recent ban on publishing his works, our reply is below:

The silly criticism has been made by Kala Afghana, on the last five verses 34 to 38, of Chapter 8 of Sri Bichitar Natak, which are given below �
�All the hill rajas were then fear stricken, and left the Battle Field. Lord, I became victorious, because of Your Grace only. (34)
We came back from the battlefield victorious, and were hailed all around by singing victory songs, distributed wealth in plenty, and all the warriors became elated. (35)
After the Sikhs attaining victory in the battlefield, their happiness knew no bounds and they did not stay for long at Paunta, and came back to again inhabitate or populate Anandpur in Kehloor State. (36)

The word used is �bandhio� means repopulated, translated by all the translators. Even Pandi Narayan Singh Giani, on whose translation G.S. Kala-Afghana is stated to have based his crticism, has translated it as �populated�. This translator further stated that when the Guru left Anandpur for Paunta, then Anandpur was greatly depopulated, the persons accompanied the Guru.

Those persons, who accompanied the Guru to Paunta, who did not participate in the battle, were asked to leave the town of Anandpur. ( The Guru foresaw that thereafter at Anandpur there would be many battles to be fought). Tose who joined the battle, were greatly honoured and helped. (37)
Thus I spent many days therein this way. The saintly pesons were greatly looked after, whereas the evil ones were decimated; they were killed and met with dog�s death.� (38)
Verses 34 �37 are very clear. Verse 38 needs to be clarified. The Guru clearly stated that he attained Victory in the battle by the Grace of God. The Guru and the accompanied Sikhs came back to Anandpur, the town which was depopulated when the Guru had left for Paunta, now was repopulated on their coming back. The person, who went to Paunta with the Guru, and did not participate in the battle, on their return were asked to leave Anandpur. The reason being that the Guru foresaw that in the future many battles would be fought there.

Verse 38 needs deeper thinking to understand. The Guru stated that after coming back from Paunta, he spent many days; the saintly persons were greatly looed after. In the remaining part of the verse, he metaphorically stated that the saintly persons were lokked after, the EVIL DOERS in them, that is the Mind�s Instinctual Enemies, Selfishness, Lust, Anger, Greed and Attachment; the root cause of all human miseries were completely removed. This phrase we find when the Guru stated the Purpose of his Coming to this World � �For this Purpose I came to the world to spread Dharma, and exhort Saintliness, and to compleely root out the Evil Doers (Our Morbid Instinctual Forces).� The same metaphor the Guru has used here.

This metaphorical usage of such phrases we not only note in Sri Guru Gobind Singh�s Writings, but also in Sri Guru Granth Sahib so frequently. In this connection please refer to Sri Guru Arjan Dev�s Composition �Funey�, page 1363 �

�The five evil enemies are tormenting me; how can I destroy them? Shoot them with the sharp arrows of meditation on the Name of God. The way to slaughter these terrible sadistic enemies is obtained byreflecting our self on the Divine in us.�
Now let us have a glance on the silly lunatic and vulgar criticism raised by Kala Afghana�

(a) The Guru is alleged to describe his victory in the battle as great egoist!!
(b) The Guru is alleged to have stated that he founded the town of Anandpur, which was actually founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur.
(c) Who were the people forced to leave Anandpur on return from Paunta, and who fought in the battle?
(d) Referring to Verse 38, they state that the Guru treated innocent citizens, enemies were hung and beaten very brutally. They dies dog�s death. Others were forced to leave the town. They do not stated who were those who met dog�s death and who were those who were forced to leave the town. This is the type of scholarship of these villains.

Gurbaksh Singh Kala Afghana and other zealots should read the following Composition in Dasam Granth and learn about something about the Symbolic and Metaphorical Language used by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Jee.


The Composition of �Kabiovach Bainti Chopai of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, written in symbolic language, but generally literally translated, has been greatly misunderstood. The correct translation is here

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