Sikh Research and Education Center
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Sikh Concept of Sovereignty
Both violent and passive campaigns against authorities, which are self
motivated and aggressive in intent, to enforce our will for achievement
of our objective, were discouraged. To assume the role of self righteousness
is egoistic and harmful. The evil cannot be eradicated by coercion, but
by creating more of good (Truth) only. The government constitutes a very
small group of people only, who are the reflex of the people at large.
No government has ever evolved or reformed the character of the people.
It is the people who are to be reformed and elevated to the highest standard
of character. The government will automatically be reformed and there will
be peace and prosperity every where. Good people are governed by good government,
and bad people by bad and corrupt government. This is how the Gurus practiced
Truth and preached it. It is said, “the noblest revenge is to make your
enemy your friend”. If any one were to rise above his prejudices and read
the genuine life events of Sri Guru Hargobind and Sri Guru Gobind Singh
of their Divine Qualities of Compassion and Forgiveness observing the Creator
Lord equally abiding in all, who in their unique way befriended Emperors
Jehangir, Shah Jehan, Auranggzeb and Bahadur Shah, despite Emperors Jehangir
and Aurangzeb swayed by their selfish political interests perpetrated excesses
against the Gurus.
There is the important Dictum of Sri Guru Amar Das, The Third Nanak
in this respect -
“Just as an elephant offers his head to the goad, and as the
anvil offers itself to the hammer, similarly offer your mind and body in
love to God (Sat Guru), and ever lovingly obey His Commands. In this way
having totally effaced your egoism, you assume the Sovereignty of the Whole
World. Nanak says: when the Lord casts His Gracious Glance, then alone,
the devotee understands the Reality.”
When character is evolved in the people, God automatically blesses them
with not only political Sovereignty, but also Sovereignty in all other
spheres of their life. Believe it to be so. Whenever any Society has fallen
from power, it has fallen due to the lack of character of the people.
“hasti sir jio aunkas hai ahrun jio sir deh. mun tun aagai rakh kai
oobh saiv karai. eion gurmukh aap nivariai subh raj sirast ka lai. nanak
gurmukh bujhiai ja aapai nadar karai.”
(Sorath ki Var M.4, p 647-48 SGGS)
The Sikh Concept of Sovereignty is Equality of All, no domination, no
“Do not cause fear to any one, nor accept fear from any quarter.”
“bhai kaon ko dait neh, na bhai manat aun”
Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur
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