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Sikh Research and Education Center: Articles on Sri Dasam Granth Sahib:

Kabio Vach Bainti Chaupai

The Composition of "Kabiovach Bainti Chopai of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, written in symbolic language, but generally literally translated, has been greatly misunderstood. The correct translation is given hereunder -

Kabio Vach Bainti Chaupai

pwÚ 10 kibÎobwc bynqI ] cOpeI ]

Patshai Xth Kabio Vach Bainti Chaupai

hmrI kro hwQ dY r`Cw ] pUrn hoie icq kI ie`Cw ]
qv crnn mn rhY hmwrw ] Apnw jwn kro pRiqpwrw ]1]
hamri kro hath dai rchcha. pooran hoeh chit ki eichcha. tav charnan mun rehai hmara. apna jan kro pritipara. (1)
O Lord, protect me with Your Hand, thus my heart's desire be fulfilled. May my mind ever seek the refuge of Your Feet, and You sustain me as Your very Own.(1)

hmry dust sBY qum Gwvhu ] Awpu hwQ dY moih bcwvhu ]
suKI bsY moro pirvwrw ] syvk is`K sBY krqwrw ]2]
hamrai dust sabhai tum ghao aapu hath dai moeh bachavo; sukhi basaimoro privara saivak sikh sbhai kartara. (2)
Lord! destroy all my enemies [diseased passions, instincts, impulses, evil thoughts, etc.]* and protect me with Your Hand. Thus make my house-hold [mind], servants and followers [intellect and varied other organs]] rest in peace. (2)

mo r`Cw inj kr dY kirXY ] sB bYrn ko Awj sMGirXY ]
pUrn hoie hmwrI Awsw ] qor Bjn kI rhY ipAwsw ]3]
mo rchcha nij kr dai kriye. sabh bairn ko aij sunghriye. pooran hoeh hmari aasa. tor bhjan ki rehai piaasa. (3)
O Lord, extend Your Personal protection to me and kill all my enemies here and now [refers to our countless inner enemies, i.e. evil thinking, diseases etc.] May my this wish be fulfilled and I ever yearn to reflect my mind on You. (3).

* No one has got any external enemy, all our enemies are within us. It is man, who creates his own enemies. When a man is not at peace with himself, hell is created within him, which creates havoc all round him. By conquering the self, he conquers the whole world. God is present every whereand is in all creatures, and it is He Who motivates persons to act in a particular manner. Only He can lead us to think right and do right things. Creatures on their own act unethically, invariably against themselves, in pursuit of their selfish motives unwisely and wildly. Man unknowingly acts against himself.

AASA MEHLA 5, p. 370: "I have been separated from my Beloved by Maya (my mother-in-law).  Hope and desire (my younger brother-in-law and sister-in-law) are dying of grief.  I am no longer swayed by the fear of Death (my elder brother-in-law).  I am protected by my All-knowing, Wise Husband Lord.  1 .  Listen, O people: I have tasted the elixir of love.  The evil ones are dead (instinctual enemies within us), and my enemies are destroyed. The True Guru has given me the Name of the Lord.  1 . Pause .  First, I renounced my egotistical love of myself.  Second, I renounced the ways of the world.  Renouncing the three qualities, I look alike upon friend and enemy.  And then, the fourth state of bliss was revealed to me by the Holy One.  2 .  In the cave of celestial bliss, I have obtained a seat.  The Lord of Light plays the unstruck melody of bliss.  I am in ecstasy, contemplating the Word of the Guru's Shabad.  Imbued with my Beloved Husband Lord, I am the blessed, happy soul-bride.  3 .  Servant Nanak chants the wisdom of God;  one who listens and practices it, is carried across and saved.  He is not born, and he does not die; he does not come or go.  He remains blended with the Lord.  4 . 2 ."
Also -  Please refer to Phune M. 5, p. 1370 - "The five evil enemies are tormenting me; how can I destroy them? Shoot them with the sharp arrows of meditation on the Name of God. O Lord! The way to slaughter these terrible sadistic enemies is obtained from the Perfect Guru.  16"

qumih Cwif koeI Avru n iDÎwaUN ] jo br choN su qum qy pwaUN ]
syvk is`KÎ hmwry qwrIAih ] cuin cuin sqR hmwry mwrIAih ]4]
tumeh chadi koei avr na dhiyaoun jo bar chon so tum tai paoon. saivk sikh hmarai tariaeh chuni chuni strhmarai mariaeh. (4)
Lord, Bless me that I should never abandon You and think of any one else. Whatever boons I seek I should obtain from You. Liberate all my servants and followers [way of thinking], pick each and every one and destroy them, who are obstacles in my well being. (4)

Awp hwQ dY muJY aubirXY ] mrn kwl kw qRws invirXY ]
hUjo sdw hmwry p`Cw ] sRI AisDuj jU kirXhu r`Cw ]5]
aap hath dai mujhai obriyai mrn kal ka tras nivriaye. hoojo sda hamaraipchcha sri asidhuj joo kriyo rchcha. (5)
Pray, ferry me across, giving me Your Hand, and destroy the fear of death in me. [This fear is one of the greatest enemy of ours]. O Mighty Lord of the Sword (All Wisdom), be ever at my back, and protect me. (5)

rwiK lyhu muih rwKnhwry ] swihb sMq shwie ipXwry ]
dIn bMDu dustn ky hMqw ] qumho purI cqur ds kMqw ]6]
rakh laiho mohe rakhanharai sahib sant shaeh piyarai deen bundhu dustan kai hunta tum ho puri chtur dus kunta. (6)
You are the Protector of the Saints, protect me too, as You are my only Protector. You are the Savior of the weak and Destroyer of tyrants. O the Lord of fourteen worlds (according to Puranic conception). (6)

kwl pwie bRhmw bpu Drw ] kwl pwie isvjU Avqrw ]
kwl pwie kr ibsnu pRkwsw ] skl kwl kw kIAw qmwsw ]7]
kal paeh brhma bup dhra. kal paeh siv joo avtra. kal paeh kr bisnu prkasa skl kal ka kia tmasa. (7)
Time came when Brahma appeared in physical form, then Shiva was incarnated and then Visnu. It is all the Play of the Temporal Lord. (7)

jvn kwl jogI isv kIE ] bydrwj bRhmw jU QIE ]
jvn kwl sB lok svwrw ] nmskwr hY qwih hmwrw ]8]
jvan kal jogi siv kio baid raj brahma joo thio jvn kal sabh lok svara nmskar hai taeh hmara. (8)
The Temporal Lord created Shiva, the Yogi; Brahma, the Utterer of Vedas. The Temporal Lord, Who fashioned the entire Universe, I salute to Him alone. (8)

jvn kwl sB jgq bnwXO ] dyv dYq j`Cn aupjwXo ]
Awid AMiq eykY Avqwrw ] soeI gurU smiJXhu hmwrw ]9]
jvn kal sabh jagat bnaio dev daint jchchan oopjaio adi aunti aikai avtara soei guru smjhiayho hmara (9)
He, Who is the Creator of Time and the Universe, also created the angels, demons and yakshas. He alone was in the beginningand will also be at the end of the Time. He alone is my Guru. (9)

nmskwr iqs hI ko hmwrI ] skl pRjw ijn Awp svwrI ]
isvkn ko isvgun suK dIE ] sqRü`n ko pl mo bD kIE ]10]
nmskar tis hi ko hamari skal prja jin aap svari sivkn ko siv gun sukh dio sttrun ko pul mo bdh kio. (10)
I make my obeisance to Him alone, Who has created all His subjects and preserves them. He has blessed His devotees with all merits and happiness and destroys enemies [inner dis-hormony] instantaneously. (10)

Gt Gt ky AMqr kI jwnq ] Bly bury kI pIr pCwnq ]
cItI qy kuMcr AsQUlw ] sB pr ik®pw idRsit kr PUlw ]11]
ghat ghat kai antar ki jant bhlai burai ki pir pachant chiti tai kunchrasthoola sabh par kirpa diristi kar phoola. (11)
He, Who is inner Knower of all hearts, knows the sorrows of all creatures, good or bad. He casts His Graceful Glance on all from the meek ant to huge elephant and feel pleased. (11)

sMqn duK pwey qy duKI ] suK pwey swDun ky suKI ]
eyk eyk kI pIr pCwnYN ] Gt Gt ky pt pt kI jwnYN ]12]
suntun dukh paai tai dukhi sukh paai sadhun kai sukhi aik aik ki pir pchanain ghat ghat kai put put ki janai. (12)
He is pained, when His saints are pained; and feels happiness when they are happy. He understands what pains each of the hearts of the creatures and their innermost workings. (12)

jb audkrK krw krqwrw ] pRjw Drq qb dyh Apwrw ]
jb AwkrK krq ho kbhUM ] qum mY imlq dyh Dr sBhUM ]13]
jub oodkrkh kra kartara prja dhrt tab dai apara jub aakrkh kart ho kabhoon tum mai milat dai dhr sbhhoon (13)
When He, the Creator, evolved Himself, His creation manifested itself in innumerable forms. When He dissolves the creation, all the physical forms are merged back in Him. (13)

jyqy bdn isRsit sB DwrY ] Awpu AwpnI bUJ aucwrY ]
qum sBhI qy rhq inrwlm ] jwnq byd Byd Ar Awlm ]14]
jaitai bdan sirsti sbh dharai aap aapni boojh oocharai tum sabh hi tai reht niralm jant baid bhaid ar aalm (14)
He has created numerous forms and bodies. They utter Him as they can think, what He is. He, however, lives Detached from all. This distinction the wise ones and the religious books know. (14)

inrMkwr inRibkwr inrlµB ] Awid AnIl Anwid AsMB ]
qw kw mUVH aucwrq Bydw ] jw kO Byv n pwvq bydw ]15]
nirankar niribkar nirmunbh adi anil anadi asunbh ta ka moorh oochrut bhida ja ko bhiv na pavat baida. (15)
He is Formless, Stainless and Self-reliant. He is the Primal Power, Blemishless, Beginningless and does not take birth. The fools claim boastfully about the knowledge of His secrets, which even Vedas do not know. (15)

qw kO kir pwhn Anumwnq ] mhw mUVH kCu Byd n jwnq ]
mhwdyv ko khq sdw isv ] inrMkwr kw cInq nih iBv ]16]
ta ko kar pahn anumant maha moorh kcho bhaid na jant mahadaiv ko keht sda siv nirankar ka chint neh bhiv. (16)
The fools consider Him a stone, for He does not know the Profound Mysterym that is God. He calls Shiva, The Eternal Lord, and does not know the secret of the Formless Lord. (16)

Awpu AwpnI buiD hY jyqI ] brnq iBMn iBMn quih qyqI ]
qumrw lKw n jwie pswrw ] ikh ibiD sjw pRQm sMswrw ]17]
aap aapni budhi hai jaiti barnt bhinun bhinun taiti tumra lkha na jaeh psara keh bidhi prthm sunsara. (17)
Every one according to his understanding, describes You differently. The limits of Your creation cannot be known, nor how in the beginning You wrought the Universes. (17)

eykY rUp AnUp srUpw ] rMk BXo rwv khI BUpw ]
AMfj jyrj syqj kInI ] auqBuj Kwin bhur ric dInI ]18]
aikai roop anoop sroopa runk bhyo rav kehi bhoopa audj jairj saitj kini ootbhuj khani bhor rchi deeni (18)
You are One, manifest in varied forms, as a poor man, rich manor a king. You create the egg born, the sweat born, the earth born and the foetus born. (18)

khUM PUl rwjw hÍY bYTw ] khUM ismit iBXo sMkr iekYTw ]
sgrI isRsit idKwie AcMBv ] Awid jugwid srUp suXMBv ]19]
kahoon phool raja hvai baitha kahoon simit bhio sunkr aikaitha sgri sirsti dikhaeh achunbhv adi jugadi sroop suyunbhv. (19)
Sometime You joyfully appear in the form of Brahma expanding the creation, and some time in the form of contracting and dissolving Shiva. He shows His miraculous deeds to all His creation of the Universe. He, the Primal Power, born of Himself is since the beginning of beginning. (19)

Ab r`Cw myrI qum kro ] is`KÎ aubwir Ais`KÎ sMGro ]
dusæt ijqy auTvq auqpwqw ] skl mlyC kro rx Gwqw ]20]
ab rchcha mairi tum kro sikh oobari asikh soghro dust jitai oothvat ootpata skal mlaich kro run ghata. (20)
O Lord, now keep me under Your protection, encourage my followers to flourish [in intellect and wisdom] and destroy my enemies (negative thinking). All the evil doers who arise (in my mind), fight with them and destroy them there and then. (20)

jy AisDuj qv srnI pry ] iqn ky dusæt duiKq hÍY mry ]
purK jvn pg pry iqhwry ] iqn ky qum sMkt sB twry ]21]
jai asidhuj tav sarni parai tin kai dusht dukhit hvai mrai purkh jvan pug parai tiharai tin kai tum sunkt sabh tarai. (21)
O Mighty Lord of the Sword (Knowledge)+, whosoever seeks Your protection, his enemies (evil passions) suffer pain and are destroyed. The persons, who fall on Your Feet, You remove all their afflictions and maladies. (21)

jo kil ko iek bwr iDAY hY ] qw ky kwl inkit nih AYhY ]
r`Cw hoie qwih sB kwlw ] dust Airst tryN qqkwlw ]22]
jo kal ko eik bar dhiaai hai ta kai kal nikti neh aai hai rchcha hoeh taeh sabh kala dust arist train tatkala. (22)
Those who meditate even once (with complete devotion) on You, the Supreme Destroyer, the Death cannot come near them. They remain protected at all times. All their enemies and sorrows are removed instantaneously. (22)

ik®pw idRsit qn jwih inhirho ] qw ky qwp qnk mo hirho ]
ir`iD is`iD Gr mo sB hoeI ] dusæt Cwh CÍY skY n koeI ]23]
kirpa diristi tun jaeh nihriho ta kai tap tnak mo herho. ridhdhi sidhdhi ghar mo sabh hoei dust chah chvai skai na koei. (23)
Upon whomsoever dawns Your Grace, their sins and afflictions are instantly removed. They are blessed with all the earthly and spiritual treasures, and no evil doer [deadly passions and sickly instinctual drives] can even touch their shadows. (23)

eyk bwr ijn qumY sMBwrw ] kwl Pws qy qwih aubwrw ]
ijn nr nwm iqhwro khw ] dwird dust doK qy rhw ]24]
aik bar jin tumai sunbhara kal phas tai taeh oobara jin nar nam tiharo kaha darid dust dokh tai raha. (24)
O God, he who remembered You even once, You saved him from the noose of Death. Whosoever meditates on Your Name, he overcomes his poverty, suffering and adversity. (24)

KVg kyq mY srix iqhwrI ] Awp hwQ dY lyhu aubwrI ]
srb TOr mo hohu shweI ] dust doK qy lyhu bcweI ]25]
kharag kait mai sarni tehari aap hath dai laio oobari sarb thor mo hohu sahaei dust dokh tai laiho bchaei. (25)
O The Lord of Sword (Knowledge)*, I seek Your protection. Protect me with Your Own Hands. Extend Your support to me wherever I be, and save me from the evil doers [evil thoughts and sins]. (25).

* Sword, Double Edged Sword, Lance, and all weapons of this nature in the Symbolic Language stand for Knowledge, Wisdom. Intellect, Reason, Thought, Speech and so on. Sword depicts tongue in dreams, which in turn denotes speech and connected activities. Knowledge and Wisdom cut the veil of ignorance, in the same manner as a sword. The following references appear in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, which denote this meaning -

(a) Sri Guru Ramdas Ji, the fourth Nanak, in his composition, Rag Gauri Poorbi Karhalai, page 235 of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, states -

Man karhalaa vadbhaagiya tun gyaan ratan samaal. Gur gyaan kharag hath dhaariya jam maar-yaraa jam-kaal. (7)
O my wandering mind, you will be very fortunate, if you take care of the Jewel of the Divine knowledge, God's Light in you (Guru) is the Destroyer of Death. You hold the Sword of the Divine Knowledge in your hand and slay the Angel of Death."
(b) Sri Guru Ram Das Ji in Rag Vadhans, page 574, states -
Satgur gyaan kharag hath deena jam-kankar maar bidaare.
The True Guru has blessed us with the SWORD OF WISDOM, with which we have annihilated the couriers of Yama.
(c) Sri Guru Ram Das in Rag Nat, page 983, states -
lobh lahar sabh suaan halak hai halkiyo sabheh bigaare. Mere thaakur kai deebaan khabar hoyee gur gyaan kharag lai maarai. (7)
Greed, like a mad dog, bites any one and infects all it touches with a like malady. But when the Master's Court comes to know it, it is slain with the SWORD OF WISDOM.
(d) Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji in Rag Maru, page 1022, states -
Kaam krodh ahankaar nivaare. Taskar panch sabad sanghaare. Gyaan kharag lai man syo loojhai mansaa maneh samaayee he. (3)
If one overcomes Lust, Wrath and Egocentricity, slays the Five Thieves (the sickly instinctual drives) through the Guru's Word, and struggles with the mind, armed with the SWORD OF WISDOM, all the sickly drives merge back in the mind.
(e) Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in Rag Maru, Sohile, page 1072, states -
Har ka naam kot lakh baaha. Har jas keertan sang dhan taaha. Gyaan kharag kar kirpa deena doot maare kar dhaayee he. (9)
He, who cherishes the Lord's Name, and has the Riches of the Lord's Praise, possesses the strength of millions upon millions of arms. The Lord in His Mercy, blesses him with the SWORD OF WISDOM, he thus slays the demons in him with the flash like charge.
(f) Sri Guru Ram Das Ji, in Rag Kalyan, page 1324, states -
chandan vas bhoye-angam veree kiv mileeyai chandan leejai. Katd kharag gur gyan karaara bikh chhedh chhedh ras pijai. (3)
The Chandan Tree is girdled by snakes. How is one to get to the Tree? Draw out the Powerful SWORD OF THE GURU'S WISDOM, cut into pieces the poisonous things, and suck in the Elixir (of God's Name).
(g) Sri Guru Amar Das Ji, in Slok 14, Varan tai Vadik, page 1414, states -
Gyaan kharag panch doot sanghaare gurmat jaagai soye. Naam ratan pargaasiya man tan nirmal hoye
One gets awakened with the Guru's Word, and with this SWORD OF WISDOM, he slays the Five Demons. With this the Jewel of His Name emerges, which makes both, the body and mind stainless and pure."
(h) Sri Guru Amar Das Ji, in Pauri 1, Maru ki Var, page 1087, states -
Gur te gyaan paaiya at kharag karaara. Dooja bhram gar katiya mohe lobh ahankaara
One finds WISDOM from the GURU - IT IS THE MIGHTY SWORD. It cleaves the fortress of one's cravings for worldly things, also Attachment, Egocentricity and Greed.
(I) Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in Rag Sorath, page 628, states -
gribi gada hamari. khanna sagal rainu chari. eis agai ko na tikai vaikari. gur poore aih gal sari.
Humility is our Mace and to be the Dust of all, is our Double Edged Sword. For the people so well armed as we are, no evil doer can make a successful stand against us. This is the secret revealed by God's Wisdom."

Sri Guru Gobind Singh's writings -

(1) O Mightiest Sword (God), O The Conqueror of worlds, O Vanquisher of the hosts of evil, O Embellisher of the brave in the field of battle. Your arms are unbreakable, Your Light refulgent, Your Glory and Splendour dazzle like the sun. O Happiness of the holy, O Crusher of evil intent, O Subduer of sin, I seek Your refuge. Victory be to You, O the Creator of Universe, O our Deliverer and Sustainer. Victory, Victory, Victory be to You, the Mightiest Sword.
(Bichhitar Natak)
(2) God first created the Double Edged Sword (Knowledge of Himself), and then the Universe.
( Chandi di Var)
(3) Blessed is his life in the world, who keeps God's Name on his tongue and ever fights with the evil within him. Our body is perishable and will not last with us for ever. Board the Boat of God's Glory and ferry yourself across the sea of material existence.We should exercise utmost patience, and illuminate our mind with the Light of God, and take the Sword of God's Wisdom in our hand, and root out the fear of death (cowardice) within us.
(Krishna Avtar)

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